Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD), Indigenous and forest-dependent peoples, community forestry, illegal logging, forest certification, food sovereignty


Our Home, Our Food, Our Resilience: A Citizen Science Approach to Food Asset Mapping and Ecological Heritage Planning in Canada Current
April, 2019 – 2021

I am a Co-PI in an innovative SSHRC-funded project to map racialized and informal food spaces, culturally and ecologically important food infrastructures, and the historical landscapes within which these spaces thrive in Metro Vancouver, Port Alberni and Terrace, British Columbia. The PI is Dr Tammara Soma (PI) and another Co-PI is Dr Dana Lepofsky, both of Simon Fraser University (SFU). This project is being carried out in collaboration with Indigenous and Local Community partners in all three locations. Ms Meagan Curtis, UBC doctoral student under my supervision, is taking the lead on the fieldwork in Port Alberni.

Practicing Reconciliation Through Teaching and Research on Haida Gwaii: A Collaborative Research Project Current
April, 2017 – 2021

Improving Lil’wat food security with ecosystem services approaches Current
April, 2016 – 2020


Peter Wall Institute Research Mentoring Award 2013
SSHRC (New Frontiers) 2019
SSHRC Insight Grant 2017
SSHRC Insight Grant 2017 2017

Selected Publications

Smith, Tonya; Koskas; Bulkan, Janette (2023). ‘Loved to Death’: Conflicts between Indigenous food sovereignty, settler recreation, and ontologies of land in the governance of Líl̓wat tmicw BC Studies 126(Winter 2022/23), 13–38
Ogura, S., Forwell, S., Backman, C., Lincoln, N. K., & Bulkan, J. (2023). Meaning of small grains cultivation as a traditional occupation in Japan Journal of Occupational Science
Lopez de la Lama, Rocio; Bennett, Nathan; Bulkan, Janette; Boyd, David; Chan, K. (2023). A legal assessment of private land conservation in South America Conservation Biology
Bulkan, J., & Palmer, J. (2022). Guyana. The Indigenous World 2022 (pp. 411-423) International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs.
Wyatt, S., Bulkan, J., de Jong, W., & Gabay, M. (2022). Recognizing Indigenous and Traditional Peoples and their identity, culture, rights and governance of forestlands. Introduction to the Special Issue. International Forestry Review 23(4): 1-12
Curtis, Meagan; Bulkan, Janette (2022). Agritechnology in British Columbia & the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Policy Brief Faculty of Forestry, University of British Columbia
Aeyelts, Julie, Janette Bulkan, Xiaotao Bi, Roland Clift, Dominik Roeser, and Haoqi Wang (2022). Flipping the Script on Slash Pile Burning: Leveraging Residual Fibre for a Prosperous, Sustainable Forest Industry. Brief No. 2. Faculty of Forestry, University of British Columbia
Aeyelts, Julie, Janette Bulkan, Xiaotao Bi, Roland Clift, Dominik Roeser, and Haoqi Wang (2022). Enhancing Biomass Utilization for Economic, Environmental, and Social Benefits in British Columbia – What Can Be Done? Brief No. 1. Faculty of Forestry, University of British Columbia
J. Bulkan, J. Palmer, A. M. Larson, & M. Hobley (2022). Introduction. Handbook of Community Forestry. Routledge
Bulkan, J., Palmer, J., Larson, A. M., & Hobley, M. (2022). Old World and New World collision: Historic land grabs and the contemporary recovery of Indigenous land management practices in the western USA. Handbook of Community Forestry. Routledge
Bulkan, J. (2022). ‘Is we turn now’ – The carousel of political power in Guyana. Oil Dorado? Guyana’s black gold (pp. 45–53). Bite-Sized Books
Adeyanju, Samuel Bulkan, Janette Onyekwelu, Jonathan C. Peterson St-Laurent, Guillaume Kozak, Robert Sunderland, Terry Stimm, Bernd (2022). Drivers of biodiversity conservation in sacred groves: A comparative study of three sacred groves in southwest Nigeria International Journal of the Commons 1-14
Lewis, Sophie R., Bulkan, Janette (2022). The political logics of EU-FLEGT in Thailand’s multistakeholder negotiations: Hegemony and resistance Journal of Political Ecology 383-404
Ortiz, Doralice Bulkan, Janette Vélez, Jorge Julián (2022). Forestry sector, alternative for peace and sustainable development in Colombia. Coffee region case Bosque 43(1), pp. 57–67
Bulkan, Janette (2021). The limits of State territorialization: Geopolitics and petroleum in Guyana Social and Economic Studies 70(3&4), 72–105
Bulkan, J., & Palmer, J. (2021). Guyana. The Indigenous World 2021. International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs.
Smith, T., & Bulkan, J. (2021). A ‘New Relationship’? Reflections on British Columbia’s 2003 Forest Revitalization Plan from the perspective of the Li̓l̓wat First Nation. Land Use Policy 105
Soma, T., Shulman, T., Li, B., Curtis, M., & Bulkan, J. (2021). Food assets for whom? Community perspectives on food asset mapping in Canada. Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability
Bulkan, Janette. Palmer, John (2020). Guyana. Indigenous Peoples. The Indigenous World 2020. (pp. 426–437). Copenhagen: International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs.
Bulkan, Janette (2020). Smallholder forestry in the FSC system: a review. Revue Gouvernance 17(2)/7–29
Bulkan, Janette (2019). Settling indigenous rights and building a social contract in the circum-Caribbean territories of Belize, Guyana and Suriname Reimagining the Guyanas, Series PoCoPages, Coll. “Horizons anglophones” (pp. 137–156). Montpellier: PULM.
Bulkan, Janette (2019). Consolidation and implications of discretionary rule in the forestry and log trading sectors in Guyana, 1992–2015. Unmasking the State: politics, society and economy in Guyana, 1992-2015. (pp. 325–365). Ian Randle Publishers
Smith, T., Bulkan, J., Zerriffi, H. Tansey, J. (2019). Indigenous Peoples, Local Communities and Payments for Ecosystem Services. The Canadian Geographer 63(4), 616–630
Bulkan, Janette (2019). The place of bitter cassava in the social organization and belief systems of two Indigenous Peoples of Guyana CAFE. Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment. 41(2), 117-128
Caverley, N., Lyall, A., Pizzirani, S., Bulkan, J. (2019). Articulating Indigenous rights within the inclusive development framework: an assessment of forest stewardship policies and practices in British Columbia, Canada Society and Natural Resources 33(1), 25-45
Wilson, W. M., Bulkan, J., Piperata, B. A., Hicks, K. (2019). Secular trends in adult stature among the Makushi of Guyana in the 20th Century American Journal of Human Biology 31(5) e23285
Bulkan, Janette, Palmer, John, Maedel, Jerry (2019). Guyana The Indigenous World 2019, pp. 180–189. IWGIA.
Addo-Danso, Abigail, Innes, John, Bulkan, Janette (2019). Incentives for the development of bamboo plantations in Ghana : A case study of the Ashanti and Brong-Ahafo regions International Forestry Review 21(2), 131–148.
Spies J, Devisscher T, Bulkan J, Tansey J, Griess VC (2019). Value-oriented criteria, indicators and targets for conservation and production: A multi-party approach to forest management planning Biological Conservation 230, 151–168.
van den Boog, T., Bulkan, J., Tansey, J., van Andel, T. Tansey, J., Van Andel, T. (2018). Sustainability issues of commercial Non-Timber Forest Product extraction in West Suriname. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine.
van den Boog, T., van Andel, T., & Bulkan, J. (2017). Indigenous children’s knowledge about Non-Timber Forest Products in Suriname. Economic Botany, (November), 1–13. Economic Botany Economic Botany 1–13
Bulkan, J. Palmer, J (2017). Mahaica Dawn. Offtrack Caribbean Beat
Bulkan, Janette (2017). Indigenous forest management. CAB Reviews. 12(4), 1–16
de Andrade, R. B., Balch, J. K., Parsons, A. L., Armenteras, D., Roman-Cuesta, R. M., & Bulkan, J. (2017). Scenarios in tropical forest degradation: Carbon stock trajectories for REDD+. Carbon Balance and Management, 12(1), 1–7. Carbon Balance and Management, 12(1), 1–7. 10.1186/s13021-017-0074-0
Bulkan, Janette (2017). Social, cultural and spiritual needs and values. Earthscan Sustainable Forest Management: from concept to practice
Bulkan, Janette (2016). The limitations of international auditing: the case of the Norway-Guyana REDD+ agreement. Routledge The Carbon Fix: Forest Carbon, Social Justice and Environmental Governance.
Bulkan, Janette (2016). Hegemony in Guyana: REDD-Plus and State control over Indigenous Peoples and Resources Liverpool University Press The Caribbean: Aesthetics, World-Ecology, Politics
Bulkan, Janette (2016). “Original lords of the soil”? Amerindian rights and the expansion of State power in Guyana. Environment and History, 22(3), 351–391. Environment and History
Bulkan, Janette (2016). Settling Indigenous rights and building a social contract. In A. Bulkan (Ed.), Indigenous Peoples of the Caribbean Conference. Report and Presentations (pp. 185–200). Caribbean Law Institute Centre, University of the West Indies.
Bulkan, Janette (2016). The next 100 years. UBC feature story. University of British Columbia
Bulkan, Janette (2016). UNDRIP endorsed by Federal Canada: Consequences for the BC Forest Sector. BC Forest Professional
Bulkan, Janette (2016). Bai Shan Lin: the Chinese logger with multiple interests in Guyana. ChinaDialogue
Beaudoin, J.M, Bouthillier, L., Bulkan, J. Nelson, H. and Wyatt, S. (2016). What does “First Nation deep roots in the forests” mean? Identification of principles and objectives for promoting forest-based development. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 46: 1-12
Bulkan, J and Palmer, J (2016). Rentier nation: landlordism, patronage and power in Guyana’s gold mining sector. Journal of Extractive Industries and Society, 3, 676–689. Journal of Extractive Industries and Society
Bulkan, J. and Palmer, J. (2016). Global ecological signpost, local reality: the Moraballi Creek studies in Guyana and what happened afterwards. Forests 2016, 7, 317
Bulkan, Janette (2016). Rentier States in Guyana and Suriname and the consequent lack of a social contract. Archaeology and Anthropology, 20(1), 2–18.
Bulkan, Janette (2016). Book Review of Barbosa, L. C. (2015). Guardians of the Brazilian Amazon Rainforest: Environmental organizations and development. London: Earthscan. In: International Forestry Review, 2016. 18(4), 522–523.
Beaudoin, J.M, Bouthillier, L., Bulkan, J. Nelson, H. and Wyatt, S. (2015). Community-based enterprise as a strategy for development in Aboriginal communities: learning from Essipit’s forest enterprises. Journal of Aboriginal Economic Development 9(2): 24-40
Bulkan, Janette (2015). Details sought on value-added jobs for Guyanese from Marriott Hotel Stabroek News, Friday 24 April 2015.
Bulkan, Janette (2015). Super-profits by Asian transnationals generated partly from excessively favourable investment arrangements provided by gov’t Stabroek News, Monday 27 April 2015.
Bulkan, Janette (2015). Do the President and GO-Invest live in different worlds from the forest sector of Guyana? Kaieteur News, Tuesday 28 April 2015.
Bulkan, Janette (2015). PPP practises patronage politics Stabroek News, Wednesday 29 April 2015.
Bulkan, Janette (2015). Guyana’s prime timbers – over-harvested, under-priced and minimally taxed Kaieteur News, Wednesday 29 April 2015.
Bulkan, Janette (2015). Guyana’s iconic timber species over-harvested, under-priced Stabroek News, 30 April 2015.
Bulkan, J. and Palmer, J.R. (2015). Why is Govt. so enamoured of BaiShanLin despite a catalogue of illegalities? Kaieteur News Letter to the Editor, Friday 08 May 2015.
Bulkan, J. and Palmer, J.R. (2015). Bai Shan Lin has most certainly contravened laws, regulations and approved policies Stabroek News Letter to the Editor, Friday 08 May 2015.
Bulkan, Janette (2015). Associations in name only: Small Loggers’ Associations in Guyana. International Forestry Review, 17(2), 128–140. International Forestry Review 17(2): 128-140
Bulkan, Janette (2015). Bai Shan Lin and its operational control of Guyana’s forests Kaieteur News, Wednesday 21 January 2015
Bulkan, Janette (2015). Would the GFC place documents relating to joint ventures with Bai Shan Lin in the public domain? Stabroek News, Saturday 17 January 2015.
Bulkan, Janette (2015). Foreign Direct Investment agreements with Bai Shan Lin are not in the public domain Stabroek News, Saturday 03 January 2015
Bulkan, Janette (2014). Extensive literature on trials shows this biomass species grows better in drier climates Stabroek News, Friday 24 October 2014.
Bulkan, Janette (2014). The species proposed by Pinnacle Group for biomass not suitable for this climate, Pomeroon soils Stabroek News, 15 October 2014.
Bulkan, Janette (2014). Concessions controlled by Bai Shan Lin show GFC’s fragile understanding of forest legislation Kaieteur News, Thursday 18 September 2014.
Bulkan, Janette (2014). Forestry Commission’s attitude towards the law is casual Stabroek News, Thursday 18 September 2014
Bulkan, Janette and Palmer, John (2014). Why do we need foreign investment? Kaieteur News, 2 September 2014
Bulkan, Janette and Palmer, John (2014). How Bai Shan Lin acquired the several areas of State Forest which are now in its 1.3+ million hectares empire Stabroek News, 28 August 2014.
Bulkan, Janette (2014). The truth about the Bai Shan Lin episode - the interest of transnational Bai Shan Lin in Guyana Kaieteur News, Sunday 24 August 2014.
Bulkan, Janette (2014). Bai Shan Lin and the great Guyana giveaway Stabroek News, Monday, 18 August 2014.
Bulkan, Janette (2014). More logging, poorer forests, poorer Guyana Kaieteur News, Sunday 17 August 2014
Bulkan, Janette (2014). The rate of harvesting of our forest species exceeds the rate of regeneration Stabroek News, 17 August 2014.
Bulkan, Janette (2014). Why is the GFC not monitoring the export of high-value logs by Asian companies? Stabroek News, 09 August 2014.
Bulkan, Janette (2014). Barely legal, the Bai Shan Lin story Kaieteur News, Saturday 09 August 2014.
Bulkan, Janette (2014). Untangling Christmas lights: crafting a vision for BC’s coastal forests Branchlines 25(2), 24-25
Bulkan, Janette (2014). News from Guyana. September 2014 Commonwealth Forestry Association CFA Newsletter 66
Bulkan, Janette (2014). News from Guyana. June 2014 Commonwealth Forestry Association CFA Newsletter, 65
Bulkan, Janette (2014). News from Guyana. December 2014 CFA Newsletter CFA Newsletter, 67
Bulkan, Janette (2014). Forest Grabbing Through Forest Concession Practices: the Case of Guyana Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 33, 407-434.
A. Nagel, T Moffat, J Bulkan, and WM Wilson (2014). Dietary diversity scores to assess dietary quality among Guyanese Makushi Amerindians Human Biology Association Abstracts
Bulkan, J. and J.R. Palmer (2014). Why the National Assembly should hold public hearings on the Guyana Forestry Commission Stabroek News, 22-31 January 2014
Janette Bulkan (2014). News from Guyana. March 2014 CFA Newsletter, No. 64, March 2014
Janette Bulkan and J.R. Palmer (2014). Comments on the Guyana Forestry Commission’s Annual Reports, 2005-2012 REDD-Monitor 25 March 2014
Bulkan, Janette (2014). REDD letter days: entrenching political racialization and State patronage through the Norway-Guyana REDD-plus agreement Social and Economic Studies 63 (3,4), 249-279
Bulkan, J., & Nelson, H. (2014). Report on an international research roundtable. Donning the regalia: maintaining tradition in an age of modernity, December 8-11, 2014. Vancouver.
Bulkan, Janette (2013). The protection for Amerindian rights in the Laws of Guyana — the case of Isseneru Amerindian Village. In the Diaspora. Stabroek News, Monday 04 February 2013.
Bulkan, J (2013). The struggle for recognition of the indigenous voice: Amerindians in Guyanese politics The Round Table. The Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs 102(4), 367-380
Bulkan, J. (2013). News from Guyana. March 2013 CFA Newsletter, No. 60, March 2013, page 11-12.
Janette Bulkan (2013). Why should the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) hearings on the Indian Residential Schools system be of interest to a UBC forestry student? UBC Forestry research guide
Bulkan, Janette (2013). News from Guyana. December 2013 CFA Newsletter, 63
Bulkan, Janette (2013). News from Guyana. June 2013. CFA Newsletter 61
Bulkan, Janette (2013). There are inconsistencies between the Brassington and Sithe slides presented at July 31 stakeholders’ meeting Stabroek News, 7 August 2013.
Bulkan, Janette (2013). We do not need another Berbice Bridge Stabroek News, 3 August 2013.
Bulkan, Janette (2013). It was not clear at the Amaila Stakeholders Meeting on whose behalf Winston Brassington was speaking at any given point Stabroek News, 2 August 2013.
Bulkan, Janette (2013). Kako people entirely within their constitutional rights to resist the issue of mining concessions over their lands Stabroek News, 27 March 2013.
Bulkan, Janette (2013). Is Guyana to lose the EU market because the GFC and GRA cannot control timber harvesting and export illegalities? Stabroek News, 7 March 2013.
Bulkan, Janette (2013). The GFC should not focus on more logging but on helping to secure greater in-Guyana benefits from what is logged now Stabroek News, Tuesday 05 February 2013
Bulkan, Janette (2013). This ruling marks the latest erosion of Amerindian legal and customary rights over their lands Stabroek News, 21 January 2013.
Bulkan, Janette (2012). Data do not sustain FPA statements about forest sector being in hard times. Stabroek News, 10 December 2012.
Bulkan, Janette (2012). IDB proposal directly contradicts LCDS. Stabroek News, Wednesday 05 December 2012.
Bulkan, Janette (2012). Helping micro- and small-enterprise development in Guyana Kaieteur News, Wednesday 05 December 2012.
Bulkan, Janette (2012). Where is the document explaining the rights and responsibilities of a Village Council ‘opting in’ to the LCDS? Stabroek News, Saturday 08 September 2012.
Bulkan, Janette (2012). The rule of law? – not in the forest sector of Guyana. Stabroek News, 16 January 2012.
Mathews, Andrew (2012). Book review: Instituting Nature: Authority, Expertise and Power in Mexican Forests. Global Environmental Politics 12(4): 155-6
Bulkan, Janette (2012). News from Guyana. December 2012. CFA Newsletter, No. 59, December 2012, page 6-7.
Bulkan, J., Courtois, V., Joseph, L. and B. Young. (2012). Canadian First Nations elect forestry representatives to advise FSC CFA Newsletter, No. 58, September 2012, page 1-2.
Bulkan, J. (2012). News from Guyana. September 2012 CFA Newsletter, No. 58, September 2012, page 8-9
Bulkan, J. (2012). News from Guyana. June 2012 CFA Newsletter, No. 57, June 2012, page 8.
Bulkan, J. (2012). Through a glass, darkly – what’s wrong with an Indian coffee retailer exporting logs of prime furniture and flooring timber from Guyana instead of local processing for added value? Stabroek News, May-June 2012.
Bulkan, Janette (2012). News from Guyana. March 2012 CFA Newsletter, No. 56, March 2012, page 9-10
Wilson, W.M., J. Bulkan, Piperata, B.A., K. Hicks and P. Ehlers (2011). Nutritional status of Makushi Amerindian children and adolescents of Guyana Annals of Human Biology 38(5): 615-629
Bulkan, Janette (2011). Introduction. An Inquiry into the Animism and Folk-lore of the Guiana Indians (1915) by Walter E. Roth. The Caribbean Press An Inquiry into the Animism and Folk-lore of the Guiana Indians (1915) by Walter E. Roth
Bulkan, Janette (2011). News from Guyana. December 2011 CFA Newsletter, 55, 6-7
Bulkan, Janette (2011). News from Guyana. September 2011. CFA Newsletter, 54, 8
Bulkan, Janette (2011). Development of a workable LVS in Guyana. CFA Newsletter, 53, June 2011, 10-11.
Bulkan, Janette (2011). Challenges for Norwegian financial support to Guyana. Commonwealth Forestry Association CFA Newsletter, 52, March 2011, 7-8.
Bulkan, Janette (2011). Saving the rainforests. The Guardian Weekly, 15 April 2011
Bulkan, Janette et al. (2011). Open letter to Eric Solheim. Eight problems with Norway's REDD support to Guyana. REDD-Monitor 25 March 2014
Palmer, J.R. and Bulkan, Janette (2011). Amaila Falls hydropower dam and access road. Notes for Advisory Expert Panel of InterAmerican Development Bank REDD-Monitor 01 March 2011
Bulkan, Janette (2010). Review of Butt Colson, A. J. 2009. Land. Its occupation, management, use and conceptualization: the case of the Akawaio and Arekuna of the Upper Mazaruni District, Guyana. -Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America, 8 (1), 4
Davenport, D., Bulkan J., Hajjar R., and P. Hardcastle (2010). Chapter 5. Forests and sustainability. International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) J. Rayner, A. Buck, and P. Katila (eds.) Embracing complexity: meeting the challenges of international forest governance, 75-91
Palmer, J.R. and J. Bulkan (2010). Legitimacy of public domain forest taxation, and combatting corruption in forestry -International Forestry Review 12 (2): 150-164
Bulkan, Janette (2009). Indigenous languages of Guyana -FUNPROEIB Andes/Unicef/AECID Atlas sociolingüístico de pueblos indígenas en América Latina. I. Sichra (coord. y ed.), 409-420
Bulkan, Janette and Palmer, J.R. (2009). Scientific forestry and degraded forests: the story of Guiana Shield forests. University of Arizona Press Anthropologies of Guayana: cultural spaces in Northeastern Amazonia
Bulkan, Janette (2009). Guyana could certainly use forest protection cash - but not under false pretences. The Guardian (UK), Thursday 24 September 2009.
Bulkan, Janette (2009). Carbon in the forests of Guyana. A 10-part feature series Stabroek News, 27 July-18 August
Bulkan, Janette (2009). Book review. Magrath, W.B., R.L. Stuckey, G.B. Vikanes, and G.R. Wilkinson. Timber theft prevention: Introduction to security for forest managers. The World Bank. 2007. International Forestry Review 11(1), 147-148
Bulkan, Janette (2008). The Bali road map – some practical implications for Guyana. Guyana Chronicle, 8 January 2008
Bulkan, Janette (2008). ‘Protector of Indians’: assessing Walter Roth’s legacy in policy towards Amerindians in Guyana. Left Coast Press Inc. The Roth Family: Anthropology and Colonial Administration, pp. 255-264
Bulkan, J. and J.R. Palmer (2008). Breaking the rings of forest corruption: steps towards better forest governance Forests, Trees & Livelihoods 18(2)/103–131
Palmer, J.R. and Bulkan, J. (2007). New colonial masters, Malaysian loggers in South America: how under-valuation of forest resources exposes Guyana to unscrupulous exploitation CFA News 38, September 2007, 1-2, 11-13.
Wilson, W., Milner J., Bulkan, J. and Ehlers, P. (2006). Weaning practices of the Makushi of Guyana and their relationship to infant and child mortality: a preliminary assessment of international recommendations American Journal of Human Biology 18, 312–324
Bulkan, Janette (2004). Report on Yale symposium on impacts of certification in developing and transitioning countries, June 10-11, 2004. CFA News, 27, December 2004, 11-12